Farinacci, Roberto

   Before World War I, Farinacci was a railway worker and prominent labor boss in the Lombardy town of Cremona. Astreet-fighter called by a British historian “one of the more illiterate and brutish of the hierarchy,” he was rooted in the original revolutionary syndicalist left of the early Fascist movement and was one of the first members of the Partito Nazionale Fascista/National Fascist Party (PNF). Farinacci consistently preferred antibourgeois, antiestablishment rhetoric and violence so long as it was performed by the PNF. Farinacci’s reliance on violence is illustrated by two episodes. During the punitive expedition against Milan’s socialists on 3–4 August 1922, Farinacci not only broke up the presses of Avanti!but also evicted the socialist city government, having Gabriele D’Annunzio himself address the crowd from the city hall. Similarly, when the acting Italian high commissioners—appointed by the government in Rome to woo the newly absorbed German-speaking population of Alto Adige— pursued policies calculated to that end, Farinacci and allied nationalists rejected this “weak” approach. Under Farinacci’s direction, squads forcefully seized local government offices in Alto Adige. Farinacci was also corrupt. With a fraudulent university degree in law (he had attended few lectures and allegedly submitted another’s dissertation), he actually began offering his “legal” services as an “insider” influence peddler. He nevertheless acted as defense counsel for the Fascist thugs accused after the murder of Giacomo Matteottiand burnished his image with hard-line Fascists by doing so. Farinacci sided neither with Benito Mussolini nor with the 19 rebels who deposed the Duce at the fateful meeting of the Fascist Grand Council on 25 June 1943. He was nevertheless consistent in his loyalty to the Duce. Farinacci was captured and executed by partisans at Vinercate, near Milan, on 28 April 1945.
   See also Fascism; Squadrismo.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FARINACCI, ROBERTO° — (1892–1945), leading antisemite in the Italian Fascist regime. A socialist until 1914, Farinacci became one of the founders of the Fascist movement in March 1919. He served as a member of the Gran Consiglio del Fascismo, as a member of parliament …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Farinacci, Roberto — ▪ Italian politician born Oct. 16, 1892, Isernia, Italy died April 28, 1945, Vimercate       radical Italian politician and Fascist ras, or local party boss, who helped Benito Mussolini rise to power in 1922 and who became an important figure in… …   Universalium

  • Roberto Farinacci — (Isernia, 16 octobre 1892 – Vimercate, 28 avril 1945) est un homme politique et journaliste italien. Il a été secrétaire du Parti national fasciste. Sommaire 1 La jeunesse 2 L ascension dans le parti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roberto Farinacci — (* 16. Oktober 1892 in Isernia, Molise; † 28. April 1945) war italienischer Rechtsanwalt, Journalist und faschistischer Politiker. Er war Sekretär der Partito Nazionale Fascista. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Jugendzeit 2 Die „rechte Hand“ Musso …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roberto Farinacci — (October 16 1892 mdash; April 28 1945) was a leading Italian Fascist politician, and important member of the National Fascist Party (PNF) before and during World War II, and one of its ardent anti Semitic proponents.Early lifeBorn in Isernia,… …   Wikipedia

  • Farinacci — ist der Name folgender Personen: Jorge Farinacci (1949–2006), sozialistischer puerto ricanischer Politiker Roberto Farinacci (1892–1945), italienischer Rechtsanwalt, Journalist und faschistischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farinacci —   [ nattʃi], Roberto, italienischer Politiker, * Isernia (Provinz Campobasso) 16. 10. 1892, ✝ Vimercate (Provinz Mailand) 28. 4. 1945; schloss sich 1919 den Faschisten an. Er trat als einer der Führer ihres radikalen Flügels hervor und schuf sich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Farinacci (surname) — There are a number of people who share this surname:*Jorge Farinacci (1949 2006), the Puerta Rican politician *Daniella Farinacci, an Australian actress of Italian descent *Prospero Farinacci (1554 1816), an Italian lawyer and judge *Roberto… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Fa — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camicie nere — Benito Mussolini Schwarzhemden (ital. camicie nere oder squadristi) ist die Bezeichnung für die Mitglieder der Fasci di Combattimento, der faschistischen Kampfbünde im Italien der Zwischenkriegszeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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